Apart from hiwaiwaka, tirairaka and tiwaiwaka, there are 16 other dialectal Maori names for the fantail, many of which denote the restlessness of this little bird.
Tiwaiwaka is also the name of a grandson of the demigod and folk hero Maui (Maui-potiki). He was one of the first Maori settlers to arrive in the Bay of Plenty more than 1000 years ago, well before the main migrations. This was the time of the explorer Kupe and his grandson Nukutawhiti. Tiwaiwaka was captain of Te Aratauwhaiti canoe and is said to have been one of Kupe’s people who stayed on when Kupe returned to eastern Polynesia.